Complications of closed reduction in treatment of unilateral condylar fractures: A decade-long survey
AbstractIntroduction: This study was conducted to investigate the side effects of closed reduction method as a treatment modality of unilateral condylar fractures of the mandible in patients referred to Shahid Beheshti University Hospital (Babol, Iran) over than one decade (2002 to 2012).Materials and Methods: To accomplish this study, patient’s data were collected referring to their files in Shahid Beheshti University Hospital. Cases with unilateral condylar fractures of the mandible aged older than 12 who treated by closed reduction technique; were selected. Finally, 24 out of 78 selected patients entered to this study. Considering the variants such as age, gender, maximum mouth opening (MMO), mandibular deviation from midline on MMO and patient’s satisfaction of mastication were captured.Result: About 24 patients, 18 males (75%) and 6 females (25%) aged from 13 to 52 and the mean age of 24.7, were included in this study. The MMO of 23 cases (95.83%) were in normal range (7 35 mm); 23 patients (95.83%) were satisfied with their quality of mastication. 17 cases (70.83%) out of all patients had no deviation during mouth opening.Conclusion: According to low complication rate of closed reduction of mandibular condylar fractures deduced in this study, it may be acceptable as a conservative treatment modality.
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