Journal of Craniomaxillofacial Research 2016. 3(1):151-156.

Efficacy of adipose-derived stem cells for regeneration of localized mandibular bone defects
Maryam Sohrabi, Ali Hassani, Abbas Karimi, Mehrnoosh Momeni, Naghmeh Bahrami

Abstract


Introduction: Use of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) is a suggested hypothesis to enhance the regeneration of bone defects. This technique is of particular interest since ADSCs are
more easily accessible via a non-invasive harvesting technique compared to bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs). This study sought to assess the efficacy of ADSC implantation for regeneration of
localized mandibular bone defects.
Materials and Methods: Eight patients (six females and two males) between 18 and 28 years with indication for extraction of all four third molars were enrolled in this split-mouth randomized clinical trial. A total of 16mandibular bone defectswere divided into two groups of experimental and control. Cell-containing and cell-free scaffolds were used in the experimental and control groups, respectively. Size of bone defects and percentage of the newly formed bone were assessedi mmediately after surgery and at two, four and six months post-operatively.
Results: No statistically significant difference was foundin bone regeneration between the two groups at the afore-mentioned time points. However, at all time points in both sides (with and without ADSCs), bone regeneration significantly increased over time (P<0.000).
Conclusion: The efficacy of ADSC-containing scaffold was similar to that of cell-free scaffold for enhancing the regeneration of bone defects. Further investigations are required to assess the
efficacy of stem cells of different origins in combination with different scaffolds in this regard.
Key words: Stem cells, Bone defects, Mandible, Adipose-derived stem cells.

Keywords


Stem cells; Bone defects; Mandible; Adipose-derived stem cells

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