Journal of Craniomaxillofacial Research 2017. 4(1):278-283.

Tooth eruption: a “neuromuscular theory”. part one
Loto Adolphus Odogun

Abstract


Objective: Tooth eruption has been a subject of extensive scientific studies; and literature is replete with different mechanisms of migration of a tooth from its bony crypt into the oral cavity. However, there is no common ground on the nature and source of the propelling force among the proponents of these theories. The purpose of this study was to explore the possibility of unifying the currently accepted mechanisms of tooth eruption under single theory.
Materials and Methods: A detailed and systematic analysis, synthesis and integration of the findings from relevant scientific studies on mechanisms of tooth eruption were conducted using search engines such as Medline and PubMed. During the search, phrases such as “tooth eruption”, “tooth eruption theories”, “tooth eruption and neuromuscular system”, “mechanosensation
and mechanotransduction” were used. Scholarly published articles on tooth eruption process from 1940 to 2015 were selected based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Results: The findings from these relevant scientific studies clearly showed a common factor – a propelling force during the different phases of tooth eruption. This propelling force has been
explained in terms of piezoelectricity, mechanosensation, mechanotransduction, biomechanical, biochemical, cellular, molecular and enzymic activities involving the jaws and other facial bones during eruption of the developing tooth.
Conclusion: “Neuromuscular theory of tooth eruption” or “unification theory of tooth eruption” is based on neuromuscular forces, arising from muscular contractions in the orofacial region.
These neuromuscular forces are being proposed as the origin of the propelling force during the different phases of tooth eruption process.
Key words: Mechanosensation, Mechanotransduction, Neuromuscular, Theory, Tooth eruption.

Keywords


Mechanosensation; Mechanotransduction; Neuromuscular; Theory; Tooth eruption.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Massler, M., Schour, I. Studies in tooth development:Theories of eruption. Am J Orthod Oral Surg. 1941; 27:552–576.

Marks, S.C., Schroeder, H.E. Tooth eruption:Theories and Facts. The Anatomical Record. 1996;245:374–393.

Craddock, H.L, Youngson, G.G. Eruptive tooth movement–the current state of knowledge. Br Dent J. 2004; 197:385–391.

Ten Cate, A.R., Nanci, A. Physiologic tooth movement:Eruption and shedding. in: A. Nanci (Ed.)Oral Histology: Development, Structure and Function. 6. Mosby, Toronto 2003:279–280.

Tooth movement. J Dent Res. 2008; 87:414–434.

Sutton, P.R., Graze, H.R. The blood-vessel thrust theory of tooth eruption and migration. Med Hypotheses.1985; 18:289–295.

Ash, Major M. and Stanley J. Nelson. Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology, and Occlusion. 9th.Edition 2003. P.38- 41.

Ruta Almonaitiene, Irena Balciuniene, Janina Tutkuviene.Factors influencing permanent teeth eruption. Part one – general factors. Stomatologija,Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal 2010;12: 67-72,

Garn, S.M., Lewis, A.B., Blizzard, R.M. Endocrine factors in dental development. J. Dent. Res. 1965;44:243–258.

Psoter, W., Gebrian, B., Prophete, S., Reid, B.,Katz, R. Effect of early childhood malnutrition ontooth eruption in Haitian adolescents. CommunityDent Oral Epidemiol. 2008; 36:179–189.

Adler, P. Studies on the eruption of the permanent teeth. IV. The effects upon the eruption of the permanent teeth of caries in the deciduous dentition and of urbanization. Acta Genet. 1958;8:78–91.

Garn, S.M., Lewis, A.B., Kerewsky, R.S. Genetic,nutritional, and maturational correlates of dental development. J Dent Res. 1965; 44:228–242.

Hatton, M.E. Measure of the effects of heredity and nvironment on eruption of the deciduous teeth. J. Dent. Res. 1955; 34:397–401.

Adler, P. Effect of some environmental factors on sequence of permanent tooth eruption. J. Dent.Res. 1963; 42:605–616.

Epker BN, Frost HM. Correlation of bone resorption and formation with the physical behavior of loaded bone. Journal of Dental Research 1965; 44:33–44.

Marks, S.C. Jr, Cahill, and D.R. Regional control by the dental follicle of alterations in alveolar bone metabolism during tooth eruption. J Oral Pathol.1987; 16:164–169.

Wise, G.E., Yao, S., Henk, W.G. Bone formation as a potential motive force of tooth eruption in the rat molar. Clin Anat. 2007; 20:632–639.

Wise, G.E., Lin, F., Marks, S.C. Jr et al, The molecular basis of tooth eruption. in: Davidovitch Z.(Ed.) The Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Eruption,Resorption and Replacement by Implants.EBSCO Media, Birmingham, AL; 1994:383–390.

Wise, G.E., Frazier-Bowers, S., D’Souza, R.N.Cellular, molecular, and genetic determinants of tooth eruption. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 2002;13:323–324.

Sandy C. Marks Jr., Jeffrey P. Gorski and Gary E.Wise. The mechanisms and mediators of tooth eruption – Models for developmental biologists.Int. J. Dev. Biol. 1995; 39:223-230.

Scott, J.M. Development and function of the dental follicle. Brit Dent J. 1948; 85:193–195.

Cahill, D.R., Marks, S.M. Jr. Tooth eruption: Evidence of the central role of the dental follicle. J Oral Pathol. 1980; 9:189–200.

Wise, G.E., Marks, S.C. Jr, Cahill, D.R. Ultrastructural features of the dental follicle associated with formation of the tooth eruption pathway in the dog. J Oral Pathol. 1985; 14:15–26.

Marks, S.C. Jr, Cahill, D.R., Wise, G.E. The cytology of the dental follicle and adjacent alveolar bone during tooth eruption. Am J Anat. 1983;168:277–289.

Gorski, J.P., Marks, S.C. Jr, Cahill, D.R. et al, Developmental changes in the extracellular matrix of the dental follicle during tooth eruption. Connective Tissue Research. 1988; 18:175–190.

Gorski, J.P., Marks, S.C., Cahill, D.R. et al, Biochemical analysis of the extracellular matrix of the dental follicle at different stages of tooth eruption.in: Davidovitch Z. (Ed.) The Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Eruption and Root Resorption.EBSCO Media, Birmingham, AL; 1988:251–260.

Gorski, J.P., Marks, S.C. Current concepts of the biology of tooth eruption. Crit Rev Oral Biol and Med. 1992; 3:185–206.

Wise, G.E., Frazier-Bowers, S., D’Souza, R.N.Cellular, molecular, and genetic determinants of tooth eruption. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 2002;13:323–334.

Wise, G.E. Cellular and molecular basis of tooth eruption. rthod Craniofac Res. 2009; 12:67–73.

Hatakeyama, J., Philp, D., Hatakeyama, Y. et al,Amelogenin-mediated regulation of osteoclastogenesis,and periodontal cell proliferation and migration.J Dent Res. 2006; 85:144–149.

Shroff, B., Norris, K., Pileggi, R. Protease activity in the mouse dental follicle during tooth eruption.Arch Oral Biol. 1995; 0:331–335.

Cielinski, M.J., Jolie, M., Wise, G.E. et al, Colony-stimulating factor (CNS-1) is a potent stimulator of tooth eruption in the rat. in: Davidovitch Z.(Ed.) Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Eruption,Resorption and Replacement by Implants. EBSCO Media, Birmingham, AL; 1994:429–436.

Wise, G.E., Lin, F. Regulations and localization of colony stimulating factor-1 mRNA in cultured dental follicle cells. Arch Oral Biol. 1994; 39:621–627.

Wise, G.E., Lin, F., Zhao, L. Transcription and translation of CSF-1 in the dental follicle. J Dent Res. 1995; 74:1551–1557.

Shroff, B., Rothman, J.R., Norris, K. et al, Follic ular apoptosis during tooth eruption. in: Davidovitch A., Mah J. (Eds.) Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Eruption, Resorption and Replacement by Implants. EBSCO Media, Birmingham, AL;1998:71–77.

Logan, W., Kronfeld, R. Development of the human jaws and surrounding structures from birth to the age of fifteen years. J. Am. Dent. Assoc.1933; 20:379–427.

Cruz DZ, Rodrigues L, Luz JGC. Effects of detachment and repositioning of the medial pterygoid muscle on the growth of the maxilla and mandible of young rats. Acta Cir Bras. 2009 Mar-Apr;24(2):93-7.

Rodrigues L, Traina AA, Nakamai LF, Luz JGC. Effects of the unilateral removal and dissection of the masseter muscle on the facial growth of young rats. Braz Oral Res. 2009 Jan-Mar; 23 (1):89-95.

Kiliaridis S. Masticatory muscle influence on craniofacial growth. Acta Odontol Scand. 1995 Jun;53(3):196-202.

Sarnat BG, Robinson IB. Experimental changes of the mandible. A serial roentgenographic study. J Craniofac Surg. 2007 Jul; 18(4):917-25.

Whetten LL, Johnston LE Jr. The control of condylar growth: An experimental evaluation of the role of the lateral pterygoid muscle. Am J Orthod.1985 Sep;88(3):181-9

Fernanda Engelberg Fernandes Gomes, Rogério Bonfante Moraes, João Gualberto C Luz. Effects of temporal muscle detachment and coronoidotomy on facial growth in young rats. Brazilian oral research August 2012; 26(4):348-54·

Miller, AJ, Chierici, G. The bilateral response of the temporal muscle in the rhesus monkey (Macacca mulatta) to detachment of the muscle and increased loading of the mandible. J Dent Res.1977;56:1620.

Kiliaridis S, Mejersjo C, Thilander B. Muscle function and craniofacial morphology: a clinical study in patients with myotonic dystrophy. Eur J Orthod 1989; 11:131-138.

Kiliaridis S. Masticatory muscle function and craniofacial Morphology. Swedish Dental Journal Suppl. 36, 1986.

Kiliaridis S. The importance of masticatory mus muscle function in dentofacial growth. Seminars in orthodontics 2006; 12(2):110-119.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.