Journal of Craniomaxillofacial Research 2017. 4(3):389-394.

Evaluation of demographic and clinical features related to brain and neck injuries in patients with maxillofacial fractures
Ali Khalighi Sigaroudi, Seyed Mohammad Talebzadeh, Babak Alijani, Safa Motevasseli, Saied Dashtyari, Zeinab Davoudmanesh, Mahsa Shariati

Abstract


Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate some of the demographic and clinical features related to brain and neck injuries in patients with maxillofacial fractures in educational
hospitals of Rasht in 2016.
Methods and Materials: The present study was a retrospective analytical study. A total of 361 patients who were diagnosed with maxillofacial fractures in Rasht city were entered into this
study. The data were collected through a questionnaire and by examining the existing files from patients referring to the emergency department of Pursina and Velayat Hospitals who had maxillofacial fractures. A variety of brain and cervical spine injuries were investigated on them. The
diagnosis of the type of fracture and the type of brain and neck injury were separately written in the patient file by the relevant specialists based on clinical examinations, age, sex and plain radiography and CT scan. The measurments were analyzed after data collection. Data were analyzed using SPSS and an independent sample T-test.
Results: The results showed that men (286) had more maxillofacial fractures than women (75). The fractures in the maxillofacial area occur more often in the third period of life (21-30). Mandible was the most common fracture site in the patients (185). Men were more injuredthan women
in both cervical spine and brain, and this difference wassignificant (p = 0.001). Finally, the highest percentage of brain (45.16%) (p = 0.0001) and cervical spine (55.56%) (p = 0.264) injuries were
observed in the age range of 21-30 years old.
Conclusion: The men had more maxillofacial fractures with brain and cervical spine injuries in third decayed of their lives.
Key words: Brain Injury, Neck Injury, Maxillofacial fractures, Demographic features.

Keywords


Brain Injury; Neck Injury; Maxillofacial fractures; Demographic features.

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