Journal of Craniomaxillofacial Research 2018. 5(1):495-502.

Oral health status in patients with epilepsy
Shamsolmoulouk Najafi, Soheila Manifar, Abbas Tafakhori, Sudabe Heydari, Mina Khayamzadeh, Mohammad Javad Kharazi Fard

Abstract


Introduction: Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurologic diseases. It has a great influence on quality of life, as it engages 1-3% of a society. Normally, 10% of the people of the society
have experienced seizure once or several times during their lives. Regardingalldentistry aspects, they receive insufficient treatments, which might be due to the medical and economic status of
them. Oral health is of paramount importance.
Objective: This research aims at examining oral health status of the patients with epilepsy, comparing them with the non-patient ones from systemic point of view, and evaluating periodontal treatment needs.
Materials and Method: Sixty patients were randomly includedin this cross-sectional study. They were divided into 2 subgroups of partial and general (based on frequencies of seizures, type
of seizure, and mental status). Sixty systemically non-patient people who referred to the Imam Khomeini Hospital for blood donation were randomly included in the study as the control group. They were medical and epilepsy history. Oral examinations were carried out. The Simplified Oral
Hygiene Index (OHI-S), decay-missing-filled tooth (DMF-T), normal teeth abrasion rate (Abrasion Index), Prosthetic Index; periodontal treatment needs (CPITN) and Muhleman index were evaluated and a statistical comparison was made between the patient group and the control group
and between the epilepsy subgroups.
Results: OHI-S index, DMF-T index, Muhlemman index and Prosthetic index of the patient group was considerably higher than the one of the control group. About CPITN index, In mandible, the patient group has a significant difference with the control group, except in the area of the
second left molar.
Conclusion: Several factors contributed to worsening oral health status in the patient group as compared with the control group. For example, the effect of seizure itself, negative attitudes
of dentists, and social and economic conditions. We propose to start oral treatments concurrent with the treatments concerning epilepsy. Some special dental interventions were proposed for each
subgroup.
Keywords: Epilepsy, Oral healt, Periodontal.

Keywords


Epilepsy; Oral healt; Periodontal

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