Prevalence and position of mandibular incisive canal, anterior loop of the mandibular canal and lingual foramen using cone beam computed tomography

  • Zahra Ghoncheh Mail Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, International Campus, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Behrang Moghaddam Zadeh Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologist, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Sahar Shaeri School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Mandible, Lingual frenum, Cone-beam computed tomography

Abstract

Objective: Comprehensive knowledge about the anatomy of the surgical site is an important prerequisite for any surgical procedure. This study aimed to assess the prevalence, position and anatomical characteristics of mandibular incisive canal (MIC), lingual foramen (LF) and anterior loop of the mandibular canal (ALMC) in an Iranian population using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 103 patients who underwent CBCT prior to implant placement. The CBCT scans of patients were evaluated by two observers to determine the visibility and length of MIC, LF and ALMC. The buccolingual inclination of MIC at the initiation point of canal and canal path were also studied. Results: The prevalence of MIC, LF and ALMC was 90%, 76% and 84% on CBCT scans, respectively. The mean length of MIC and ALMC was 7.5mm and 1.2mm, respectively and the mean width of LF was 0.9mm. The MIC had a buccal inclination at the initiation point and approximated the lingual plate as extended towards the midline. Analytical statistics including independent samples t-test, paired samples t-test, ANOVA analyses were applied. Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of MIC, ALMC and LF and wide range of MIC (1.2mm to 20mm) and ALMC (1mm to 9.9mm) length, CBCT is recommended for patients prior to surgical procedures in the anterior mandible to determine the exact location of these anatomical structures.Keywords: Mandible; Lingual frenum; Cone-beam computed tomography.

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Published
2020-05-16
How to Cite
1.
Ghoncheh Z, Moghaddam Zadeh B, Shaeri S. Prevalence and position of mandibular incisive canal, anterior loop of the mandibular canal and lingual foramen using cone beam computed tomography. J Craniomaxillofac Res. 6(4):143-150.
Section
Original Article(s)